vascular disease

What is vascular disease? Posted by Justine Clarabut on 23 August, 2019

September is vascular disease awareness month! But you may well ask, what exactly is vascular disease?

If we are talking about the human body, ‘vascular’ refers to vessels that carry blood and fluid around the body. Our blood vessels carry vital nutrients and oxygen to our organs and tissues. There are 100,000 miles of blood vessels in the adult human body! Problems can occur along this vast network of blood vessels which can be serious and sometimes fatal. Vascular disease is a condition that can damage, weaken or even block these vessels.. and can happen to anyone at any age.

There are different types of vascular disease

Vascular disease is outside the heart and affects circulation. It can be in your veins, arteries and lymph vessels. *The most common vascular diseases are stroke, peripheral artery disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, carotid artery disease, arteriovenous malformation, critical limb ischemia, pulmonary embolism (blood clots), deep vein thrombosis, chronic venous insufficiency, and varicose veins. *Reference Vascular Cures.

Diagnosis can be difficult

Due to the many different types of this disease, there can be a variety of symptoms that present themselves making it hard to diagnose. Apart from physical symptoms that may occur, family history and physical examination play a large part in the diagnosis of this disease.

Prevention is better than cure

The best way to prevent vascular disease is to lead as healthier lifestyle as possible. Usually circulatory diseases are linked to each other. For example, having high blood pressure damages the blood vessels, and high cholesterol narrows the blood vessels which increases the risk of a person getting a blood clot. High blood pressure and high cholesterol can be avoided by living a healthy lifestyle. Here’s a few essential tips to help prevent these health conditions and furthermore, vascular disease:

  • Quit smoking – smoking harms blood vessels causing hardening, narrowing and blockages.
  • Exercise more – 30 minutes at least 4 times a week can help prevent obesity, reduce blood pressure and regulate your blood sugar levels.
  • Eat a healthy balanced diet that is particularly low in sodium and fat. A healthy diet and healthy weight (check your BMI) can help you to control risk factors such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes. 
  • Check your blood pressure and cholesterol levels regularly – you many need to take medication if your levels are too high.
  • Follow your treatment plan for diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. These health conditions are are all linked to vascular disease, so it is vital that you follow your treatment plan to prevent your illnesses from becoming even more serious.
  • Vascular disease can be hereditary so if you have a history of the disease in your family, it is essential that you discuss this with your GP.

Wellbeing People believe that prevention is better than cure; our core philosophy is centered on our unique concept of Engaged Prevention®  which aims to empower the individual to make positive choices around their own health and wellbeing. Health screening employees helps to identify risks to their health and with early intervention can prevent serious illness from occurring.

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References and further reading

NB Please note that this blog is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment. If you are experiencing any symptoms or have any concerns about your health, we strongly advise that you consult your GP or medical professional. Wellbeing People cannot accept liability for any loss or damage resulting from any inaccuracy in this information or third party information from the websites that we have linked to.

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17604-vascular-disease
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vascular_disease